Dr. Badih Adada, having performed over four thousand neurosurgical procedures over the fourteen years of his career, brings this experience to his patients at the Cleveland Clinic of Weston, Florida. Though experienced in numerous forms of neurological procedures and treatments, Dr. Badih Adada’s particular expertise is with surgery of the skull base, one of many especially delicate forms of surgery that have advanced considerably with the development of endoscopic surgical tools.
The first endoscope was invented in 1806 by an Italian-German physician, Dr. Philipp Bozzini, for examining surface openings such as the mouth, rectum, nasal cavity, and open wounds. Modern endoscopes are very much the same as Dr. Bozzini’s in principle, but use more sophisticated tools and materials, having become thinner, lighter, and more flexible. Fiber optics offer clear images while allowing a scope to wind its way through the twists and turns of the circulatory or gastrointestinal system, and miniaturized surgical devices can allow surgeons to carry out many procedures using the scope itself.
One of the immediate benefits of endoscopic surgery, regardless of the purpose for which it’s being used, is its minimally-invasive nature. Endoscopes can be threaded through small openings, around and between organs, and within narrow blood vessels, giving surgeons a clear view of the deeper components of the body without the need to open it up surgically. Natural bodily openings are enough for endoscopes to find entry, but a small incision can be used as well, such as in surgeries involving joints or muscle tissue. An endoscopy can be performed in as little as an hour, and usually with no need for an overnight hospital stay or general anesthetic.
In addition to its convenient and relatively painless nature in regard to the patient, the precision nature of endoscopic surgery has proven particularly useful in the treatment of cancers, the gastrointestinal tract, the heart and major blood vessels, and the spinal cord.